Fuel Sender Unit - Houston's Premier Auto Repair Facility

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Fuel System Home Page > Parts of the Fuel/Engine Management System > Fuel Sender Unit

Function: Monitors fuel levels and transmits the information to the fuel gauge.

Signs of Wear: Inaccurate fuel gauge reading

Most gasoline powered vehicles use an electric fuel pump located in the fuel tank to force fuel into the engine. The pump is submerged in fuel, which helps to keep the electric motor from overheating. Fuel is pumped at high pressures through a fuel filter to the fuel injectors. Electric fuel pumps can fail suddenly without warning signs, or may fail partially - with a drop in the amount of fuel the pump is able to deliver. This will result in a loss of power under extreme load conditions, such as when driving up a steep hill, or under heavy acceleration.

The fuel level sensor is often part of the fuel pump module assembly and is found inside the gas tank. It consists of a foam float connected to a metal rod that pivots. Attached to the metal rod is a variable resistor and as fuel level change, the voltage flowing to the fuel gauge is changed. The fuel level sensor often sends a voltage signal to the engine computer, which is used to determine the range to empty.

Have your vehicle fuel and engine management system checked by an ASE Certified Technician in Fuel System Services. Set a reservation today to visit our repair facility on the southwest side of Houston.